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First, the trader should determine whether they want to buy or sell. If they want to enter a short order – whereby they will profit if the exchange rate falls – they simply need to click on the SELL rate. The opposite holds true for traders who enter buy orders: they can simply click on the BUY rate, and thus will profit if the exchange rate goes up.
Example of How Buying/Selling Works

Just like in all markets, there are two prices for every currency pair. The difference be­tween these two prices is the spread, or the cost of the trade. In this example, the spread is three pips. On a mini account, a pip on the EUR/USD currency pair is worth $1.

Buying Selling Chart


The margin deposit is not a down payment on a purchase of equity, as many perceive margins to be in the stock markets. Rather, the margin is a performance bond, or good faith deposit. The margin requirement allows traders to hold a position much larger than the account value.

Example of How Margin Works

Since the trader opened 1 lot of the EUR/USD, his margin requirement or Used Margin is $1000. Usable Margin is the funds available to open new positions or sustain trading losses. If the equity (the value of his account) falls below his Used Margin due to trading losses, his position will automatically be closed. As a result, the trader can never lose more than he/she deposits.